The role of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) is to review all proposed research by CSUSM faculty, students, and staff involving human subjects to ensure that subjects (meaning research participants) are treated ethically and that their rights and welfare are adequately protected.
A "human subject" means a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains (1) data through intervention or interaction with the individual or (2) identifiable private information. “Research” in the context of IRB is considered to be a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.
The IRB committee is composed primarily of faculty members from various disciplines and members from the community. The role of the IRB committee is to assure that research with human subjects is conducted in accordance with legal requirements and ethical principles of Respect for Persons, Beneficence and Justice. These principles require the balancing of risks to subjects against the scientific knowledge to be gained and the potential benefits to subjects and society.
All research activities involving the use of human subjects must be reviewed and approved by the IRB before data collection can begin. Investigators may not solicit subject participation or begin data collection until they have IRB approval. We recommend that you submit your IRB application at least 3 months before you plan to collect data.
*Please submit full reviews at least three business days before a scheduled IRB meeting. Otherwise, your full review will be reviewed at the following IRB meeting.
The IRB review process can take from one to six weeks or more before the researcher receives final approval. The review time depends on what kind of application is submitted, the IRB committee meeting schedule, and the timeliness of responses to requests for clarification.
Faculty, would you like in-depth IRB submission training for your research methods class, or at a department meeting? Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to schedule a training.